The term Berber is applied to carpet that has the off-white, heathered look of cloaks used by the
Berber tribes of North Africa. Berber carpets use flecked yarns most often in loop styles. The
size of the loops varies from large nubby ones to smaller styles. Patterned Berbers are
multi-level-loop as well as cut-and-loop styles. Berber styles are also available in pastels and
dark tones as well as naturals.
A strip sewn over a carpet edge for protection against unraveling. Carpet is bound to form rugs.
A term originally used to denote carpet produced in widths wider than six feet. Today carpet comes
in 6-foot, 12-foot, and 15-foot widths.
A carpet or rug in which a raised pattern or engraved effect is formed using heavy twisted yarn
tufts on a ground of straight fibers.
Fabrics or yarns forming the back of the carpet as opposed to the carpet pile or face. In tufted carpets,
there are two backings: a primary backing into which the pile yarn is inserted and a secondary fabric
backing laminated to the back of the carpet for reinforcement and dimensional stability.
A variety of materials placed under carpet to provide softness and longer wear when it is walked on.
In some cases, the carpet cushion is attached to the carpet when it is manufactured. Terms also
used: lining, padding, or underlay.
Fibers that form the upper surface of carpet.
Loose laid or self-adhesive backed "tiles" of carpet.
Made from clay or a mixture of organic materials, ceramic tile is finished by kiln firing. Made in
many shapes and sizes, it is glazed or unglazed. For floors, tiles are set in a cement or mortar
One of the earliest of modern resilient floor coverings, the flooring is made from the bark of
cork oak trees, a replenishable material. Cork flooring is available in tiles and sheets. Varieties
of natural unfinished cork, waxed cork, resin-reinforced waxed and vinyl impregnated cork come in
many colors including natural shades.
A multi-level loop carpet, where the taller loops are sheared. The resulting uncut loops and
sheared top loops create a sculptured pattern. The texture and often subtle, variegated colorings
help hide soil and traffic wear.
The face of a carpet where the surface is composed of cut ends of yarn.
Laminates have a dense fiberboard core with a paper pattern layer sealed both top and bottom under
high pressure with a plastic-like substance. Sold as planks and panels in wood, stone, tile,
and other looks.
Level Loop Carpet
A carpet style - woven or tufted - with a same-height loop surface.
One of the first resilient floors, it was introduced in the 1800s. Made of linseed oil,
gums, cork, or wood dust and pigments. Often the term is used incorrectly to describe resilient
floors made of vinyl.
Carpet style having a surface made up of uncut loops.
Luxury Vinyl Tile
Luxury vinyl tile is exceptionally enduring and is available in a limitless selection of
artistic designs and designs inspired by nature, such as stone, marble and wood. The durable
construction of luxury vinyl tile includes a protective wear layer which resists scuffs,
tears, gouges, rips and scratches. Additionally, luxury vinyl tile is affordable, durable,
resilient, resistant to water, and can be installed virtually anywhere in your home. Suitable
for both residential and commercial applications.
Hand-woven or hand-knotted rugs native to the Middle or Far East, available in many patterns and known
for their colorations. Many machine-made rugs, made using Oriental rug designs, are also referred to as
Carpet designed to be used outdoors on patios, walks and decks. Usually made of polypropylene to
withstand the weather and ultra-violet rays of the sun, most outdoor carpet is designed for glue-down
A sturdy, colorful rug hand-woven from cotton scraps.
Textured pattern created by shearing some of the top or higher loops and leaving others looped.
A short piece of carpet from a roll of carpet that usually measures less than nine feet long.
Smooth surfaced flooring (tiles, strips, or sheet goods) manufactured by first combining a plastic
material with filler and pigments, and then processing them into sheets of different thickness. If a
backing material is used, the plastic sheet is joined to the backing. Types include solid vinyl, backed
or cushioned vinyl, rubber, cork, and linoleum.
Today rubber flooring tiles and sheet goods are made from synthetic rubber. It comes in ribbed,
studded, or other raised patterns.
Carpet made or cut and bound into room dimensions and loose laid.
Cut-pile carpet in a relatively dense construction, with well-defined individual tuft tips. Smoother
finished saxonies are called "plushes".
Any carpet pattern formed from high and low pile areas, such as high-low loop or cut-and-loop.
A deep-pile texture with long-cut surface yarns. Shag carpet was popular in the 1970s, and a new
type of contemporary shag in more up-to-date colors is gaining in popularity today.
Rugs, mats, and matting made from sisal, a natural plant material. Available woven and dyed in
various colors, as well as machine- and hand-painted. Similar flooring is made of jute, coconut,
and sea grass.
A naturally laminated rock that is often used in regular and irregular shapes, and is embedded
in cement or mortar to create a hard-surface, patterned floor.
A chemical finish applied to carpet and fabric surfaces which inhibits attachment of soil to
fiber. It is usually a topical treatment but may also be inherent in the fiber.
Solid Vinyl Flooring
This smooth-surfaced plastic floor is a mixture of vinyl resins, plasticizer, fillers, and
stabilizers with color added throughout the product. Produced in either square tiles or sheet goods.
A chemical finish applied to or inherent in carpet fibers which inhibits specific stains from
adhering to or dyeing (staining) carpet fibers.
A carpet installation term for the give in carpet when it is pulled over the pad onto tackless strips.
Strip flooring is made of narrow (typically2 1/4. 3-inches wide) tongue-and-groove
boards that are end-matched. Strip flooring wider than 2 1/4 inches is called plank flooring.
Where carpet is laid over pad and stretched to fit over tack strips of wood with implanted tacks to
hold the carpet snugly to the wall. Also called wall-to-wall installation.
A smooth, multicolored floor made of marble or stone chips embedded in a cement binder, and then
highly polished. Traditionally terrazzo floors are poured and set on site, but manufactured terrazzo
tiles are also available.
Carpet manufactured by tufting machines, which insert pile tufts with needles that penetrate a
primary backing fabric, thus forming tufts. About 90% of all North American carpet is tufted.
Woven carpet made in a variety of patterns and textures but with a limited number of colors per pattern.
Most wood flooring is made of hardwoods, such as oak, maple, pecan, hickory, beech, and birch as well
as beautiful exotic species. There is solid wood flooring and laminated flooring, which combines wood
layered in different directions for strength and to inhibit shrinkage or expansion. Most wood flooring
today is prefinished at the factory for ease of installation and uniformity of finish.
Looms interlace warp (lengthwise) and filling (widthwise) yarns to create a sturdy textile for
the floor. Much woven carpet is produced in intricate, colorful patterns. Types of woven carpet include
Axminster and Wilton.